Americans Living With HIV/AIDS To Benefit From Obamacare
There have been several series of papers which examines how the Affordable Care Act could affect two sectors of the most vulnerable Americans. One of which are those people living with HIV or AIDS.
These papers are dedicated to promoting health and value in healthcare delivery through innovative research and policy which includes HIV Treatment. The authors of the said research modeled HIV transmission and prevention based on when HIV-positive individuals started combination antiretroviral treatment (cART). According to their research that estimated those of the years 1996 to 2009, early treatment initiation of those people with HIV/AIDS in the United States has prevented 188,700 new HIV cases and avoided $128 billion in life expectancy losses. The researchers pointed out that treatment of HIV/AIDS at a very early stage are responsible for the almost four-fifths of the said prevented cases. Early treatment of HIV/AIDS both reduces morbidity and mortality in people living with HIV/AIDS, and decreases the transmission of the disease to the uninfected. The authors also conclude that early treatment has clear value for both HIV-positive and HIV-negative populations in the United States.
Another policy that these authors pointed out is that the ACA could help the fight against HIV/AIDS if more states expand Medicaid. The researchers have estimated that by the year 2017, an additional 466,153 people in the United States will be tested for HIV. With increased testing among the newly insured under the ACA, the population of HIV-positive people who are unaware of their status will decline by 22 percent, as what the researches have estimated. The researchers recommend that the state leaders consider ways of expanding insurance coverage to those who remain uninsured. They also pointed out that gaining health insurance can improve testing rates, and the more generous Medicaid benefits can increase the use of treatment by HIV-positive individuals, both important contributors to prevention efforts.